Sunday, 19 June 2011

Help Wanted - Tomorrow's Constitution

  I am trying to write a constitution for a better world and I do not know how to do it. I have some of the fundamental ideas. Do you want to help ?




Constitution


Rights

  • Everybody living on the territory is equal in rights.
  • Everybody is insured equal in opportunities presented by the States.
  • Everybody is insured the same standards of health.
  • Everybody is insured the same standards of primary, secondary and higher education and trainings ( see articles on education).
  • Everybody is insured the freedom of expression.
  • Everybody is insured the freedom of association.
  • Every political campaign for elections for a governing body will be solely financed by the state.
  • Everybody is insured a connection to internet and will be allocated a space.
  • Everybody is insured a minimum pay.
  • Everybody has the right to live where they want.
  • Everybody will be insured free transport.
  • Everybody is insured the right to protest.


Obligations

  • Every person, physical or fictional, will have their revenues proportionally taxed on a fixed rate.
  • Everybody will have to go to school until they are 21 and pass the minimum curriculum established ( see article on education).
  • Everybody has the obligation to vote in the general elections.
  • Everybody selected for an electoral body will have to abide by the rules of this body ( see articles concerning the governing bodies).
  • Everybody has the obligation to participate for a year in a community service.
  • Everybody over 21 has the obligation to participate for 4 hours a week in the education of young people.
  • The State holds the legitimate monopoly of violence and as such will swear to never use it.
  • Economy at the national level and local level will be carefully calculated and loans will never have an interest rate.






Governing bodies

  • 1. Justice system ( A.is National while B. and C. are local )


A. Constitutionnal courts

At national and local level.

  • - 12 universally elected for life judges.

B. Criminal court and appellate criminal courts

  • - 12 elected randomly selected jurors
. Any one selected will have to be over 21 years of age.
. Any one selected will be paid the same salary as their previous employment and will be insured a place back to their positions once their mandate runs out.
  • Every procedures will be supervised by a judge elected by local officers for a period of seven years.
  • Procedures will discuss and define the act in its circumstance.
  • Repairment will by the individual convicted will be calculated in hours of work.
  • Reasons for committing the act will be discussed and the convict will have to accept a form of help as proposed by the jury in accordance with the judge.

  1. Civil Law for contentions.

  • Three judges for every procedures.
  • Two judges selected by the two parties among the local list.
  • One Judge elected by local officers for a period of seven years.

  • 2. Electoral body
At national and local level.

  • 2 % of the population randomly selected
  • They will vote on every law they want for 3 years.
  • No one can be selected twice for the same mandate in a life time.
  • Any one selected has the obligation to vote to 85% of the laws proposed by the government.
  • Any one selected will have to be over 21 years of age.
  • Any one selected will be paid the same salary as their previous employment and will be insured their employment once their mandate finished.

      • For constitutional changes, the population will be called to vote and change will happen if 70% percent of the population has voted and if 60% of the votes are in favour of change.
      • Localities will always have sovereignty over the National level, but never over the constitution.


  • 3. Government

At national and local level

  • A universally elected list of twenty persons.
  • All campaigns will be financed by the State and with an equal threshold.
  • All spaces of campaign will be provided by the State.
  • No material external contributions are allowed.
  • Any candidate will have to be over 21 years of age.
  • Any candidate will be paid the same salary as their previous employment and will be insured their employment once their mandate finishes.
  • No one can be selected twice for the same mandate in a life time.
  • There will be a campaign every 5 years ending a year before the end of the previous government.
  • The government can act only on passed laws.
  • The government must propose laws to the parliament, if passed, the law will have later on to be scrutinized by the constitutional court to see if it is in accordance with the constitution.






  • 4. Media

  • Every Media is free to express all opinions.
  • Any answer to a media outlet by a person with vested interest will have to be published like the article.
  • Any single advertising in any media outlet will have to be uniformed to all others in the same media outlet.
  • Every advertising will have to provide to a link to an Internet page.
  • The web page will be providing as much informations as the customers ask. It will also provide information about the stocks, the different added values, the name of every single person involved in the production of the advertised good or service.


  • 5. Education

  • Nursery, primary, secondary and higher education financing will be provided by the State.
  • Any institution giving core courses will be allocated a certain amount proportional to the number of students it receives.
  • Primary education will be uniform all across the country and consist of:
  1. First Language ( as chosen by the parents)
  2. Second Language ( spoken by at least one local resident)
  3. Mathematics and Logic
  4. Expressive Arts
  5. Sports and games
  6. Natural Sciences
  7. Social Sciences
  8. Philosophy


  • Any student, from the age of 12 to the age of 21, will be allocated a certain amount of credits it will spend for his optional education courses.
  • Optional courses are four modules of 4 hours each.
  • 16 hours a week will be allocated to the compulsory courses
  • Compulsory courses are:

  1. First Language ( as chosen by the student); Linguistic or
  2. Second Language ( spoken by at least one local resident)
  3. Mathematics and Logic
  4. Expressive Art
  5. Sports and games
  6. Natural Sciences
  7. Social Sciences
  8. Philosophy, politics and meditation

  • Any optional module can replace the 2 hours compulsory module it relates to.
  • All optional modules will be presented by local citizens.
  • Every local citizens will present, as an individual or a group, the course they are ready to give, to what compulsory course it affiliates, the numbers of students they are taking, and the cost of the course in credit, a threshold credit per course will be given.
  • Nationally harmonised examination papers will happen every year for all secondary students in the core modules.
  • Correction will be effectuated by non-local examiners.
  • Evaluation will be made between the student, his course teacher and , at the student's will, his class.
  • Optional Modules will be evaluated through student-selected projects and examinations on the subject of their choice.

PLEASE SEE THE COMMENTS !!
  I need to know how to work health distribution, social care, culture and everything I have forgotten....


Post a Comment